بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمـَنِ الرَّحِيم
(In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful)
Ramadan – This word literally means “One that Burns” According to scholars, in this month the Sins are burnt away… therefore it is called Ramadan.
•The Month of Ramadan begins when the new Crescent is sighted on the 29th of Shabaan, otherwise it starts after the 30 days of Shabaan are completed.
•It is the month during which prophet hood was granted to Muhammad (sallalahu alayhe wasallam)
•Quran was revealed in this month.
•The Lailatul Qadr, the night which is better than a thousand months falls in this month.
•Battle of Badr was fought in this month
•Makkah was recaptured by the Muslims in this month.
•The doors of heaven are opened in this month and the doors of hell are closed.
•Devils are chained in this month.
•Mercy is poured down to Earth.
Fasting was prescribed on the previous nations also and is obligatory on the Muslims.
O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.(Quran 2: 183)
The word “saum” is used for fasting in Arabic and its literal meaning is “to stop” or“to bring to a halt”. Thus it means to stop oneself from things which break the fast from dawn to dusk. F asting is obligatory on every adult, sane Muslim who has the ability to fast.
Fasting is only for Allah and its reward is only with Allah
The Prophet (saw) said, “(Allah said), ‘Every good deed of Adam’s son is for him except fasting; it is for Me. and I shall reward (the fasting person) for it. (Bukhari)
Two Pleasures for a fasting person
Prophet (saw) said: “There are two pleasures for the fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other at the time when he will meet his Lord; then he will be pleased because of his fasting.”(Bukhari)
Allah loves the smell of the mouth of a fasting person
Prophet (saw) said, “Verily, the smell of the mouth of a fasting person is better to Allah than the smell of musk.” (Bukhari)
Ar-Raiyan is a special gate in Paradise exclusively for those who fast
The Prophet said, “There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it.”(Bukhari)
Sincere Fasting and Night Prayers erases all past sins
The Prophet (saw) said, “Whoever established prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven; and whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”
The Prophet (saw) said: “Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven.” (Bukhari)
Gates of Paradise are opened , Gates of Hell are closed and devils are chained
The Prophet (saw) said, “When the month of Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of the (Hell) Fire are closed, and the devils are chained.”(Bukhari)
Superiority of Ramadan and Dhul-Hijjah
The Prophet (saw) said, “The two months of ‘Id i.e. Ramadan and Dhul-Hijja, do not decrease (in superiority).” (Bukhari)
A must read Ramadhan resource for all Muslim brothers and sisters
(By Usthadha Dr Farhat Hashmi)