As explained by Sh. Salih al-Usaymi’s حفظه الله
The adornment of the elders of knowledge
An adornment is something one uses to beautify themselves with. (In this context) it is of two types:
- Inner, which is the heart.
- Outer, which is apparent on the limbs.
Knowledge is an inner adornment that manifests itself and is witnessed on the limbs.
Beneficial knowledge should have a direct impact on your actions/behavior.
Purify your heart against the impurities / نجاسة of (a) doubts and (b) desires.
The origins for the heart’s impurities نجاسة are 3 :
Shirk, Innovation & Disobedience.
How to be sincere when seeking knowledge?
Make intentions to:
- uplift ignorance from yourself
- and others
- preserve the Deen and its sciences
- practice what you have learned.
It is also possible for an elder person to learn knowledge so long as they (seek assistance in Allah and) lessen their connection to unnecessary things that would preoccupy them.
In order to truly know your Creator, you must learn معرفة about:
- His Existence وجوده
- His Lordship ربوبيته
- His Oneness ألوهيته and direct all acts of worship to Him alone عبوديته
- His Names & Attributes أسمائه وصفاته
The true meaning of Islam is to fully submit your inner and outer actions to Allah, with the intent of worshiping Him through the Legislation He revealed to Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم.
This should be carried out in either the state of worshiping Allah as if you see Him, or at the very least, aware that He sees you.
The Deen comprises of 3 levels:
When these words are mentioned together in the same sentence or thought, they take the meaning of:
Islam (outward actions)
Iman (inward beliefs)
Ihsan (perfection of the previous two)
If one of these words are mentioned by itself, then it encompasses all 3 meanings.
Iman is 60-some-odd branches. This is the version is Bukhari and is given precedence over the other versions.
These branches are categorized into 3 types:
- Statements قولي (ex: the statement لا إله إلا الله)
- Actions on the limbs عملي (removing harm from the road)
- Actions related to the heart قلبي (shyness)
All of which are gathered in the hadith:
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Faith has sixty to seventy branches, the best of which is to declare there is no God but Allah.
الإِيمَانُ بِضْعٌ وَسَبْعُونَ أَوْ بِضْعٌ وَسِتُّونَ شُعْبَةً فَأَفْضَلُهَا قَوْلُ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَأَدْنَاهَا إِمَاطَةُ الأَذَى عَنِ الطَّرِيقِ وَالْحَيَاءُ شُعْبَةٌ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ